The Flower Garden
The Flower Garden was built in the second half of the 17th century by Bishop of Olomouc Karl II von Liechtenstein-Castelcorno (1664-1695). The bishop had a very clear idea on what the garden should look like, having drawn inspiration from secluded Renaissance palace gardens in France, Italy, Germany, and the Netherlands.
The first phase of the construction, representing the main part of the garden, took place between 1665 and 1675. The second phase was implemented in the 1680’s. The initial works were directed by an Italian architect Filiberto Luchese (1607–1666) and after his death, by his younger colleague and collaborator Giovanni Pietro Tencalla (1629–1702).
The central part of the Flower Garden, in the form of a long rectangle with geometrically shaped topiary, consists of two parts – a floral garden and an orchard. The main axis of the garden, beginning with the entry through sculptural loggia, is accented by numerous architectural and art features, including ornamental borders, Lion and Triton fountains, Rotunda, labyrinths, fishponds, skittle alley, and so-called Strawberry Hills. This formal structure is organically complemented by adjacent ornamental and production areas, including the Orange Garden, Dutch Garden, greenhouses, farmyard, Pheasantry, Rabbit Hill and Aviary.
In its original 17th century form, the Flower Garden represents a breakthrough phase of European garden art. On one hand it still draws from the tradition of late renaissance gardens in Italy and Germany, while on the other hand it strives to encompass new spatial concepts of the budding French baroque Classicism. Taking the best from this double inspiration the Flower Garden is exceptional in Europe and globally.