The property Hügel 1, in the Essen borough of Bredeney, is listed in the estate register as a single-family house. However, with its 269 rooms and 8,100 square metres of usable floor space, beautifully situated within splendid park overlooking Lake Baldeney, the Villa is far more than merely the residence of an industrial magnate.
Villa Hügel, erected between 1870 and 1873 by Alfred Krupp (1812–1887), was intended as a residence and refuge for Krupp and his family. It provided a suitable stately frame for the Krupp company’s representation, receptions, and festivities. Today, the villa and the entire estate are owned by the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung.
The construction of Villa Hügel and the park was Alfred Krupp’s most important concern during the last 20 years of his life. The building is based on his own sketches and plans. Functional criteria were given precedence over the form and appearance of the building. By the end of World War II, the Americans confiscated the entire property and used it as the seat of the Allied Control Commission for the coal mining sector. It was not returned to the family until July 1952. Shortly thereafter, the family opened the Villa and the park to public use.
The “Historisches Archiv Krupp” (Krupp Historical Archive) has been housed in the Small House since 1955. It is the oldest company archive in Germany and possesses extensive documents and important collections of historical industrial photographs and films. The “Kleines Haus” (Small House) also contains two permanent exhibitions documenting the history of the Krupp firm as well as that of the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung.
**Villa Hügel: **
Tuesday - Sunday, 10:00 to 18:00
during exhibitions also on Mondays.
**Hügel Park: **
Monday - Sunday, 10:00 to 20:00
Upon appointment; in German, English and French.
Villa Hügel and park:
Adults: € 5,-
Free Admission: children up to the age of 14